El Servicio de Inmigración de EE.UU. anuncia que existe un exceso de visados EB1 y EB2 (trabajadores con capacidades extraordinarias) en el año 2021-2022, y recomienda a personas que reúnan los requisitos a solicitar dichos visados

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El Servicio de Ciudadanía e Inmigración de EE.UU. (USCIS) recomienda a las personas que cumplan los requisitos a considerar la posibilidad de solicitar visados en las categorías EB1 (trabajadores de habilidades extraordinarias) o EB2 (profesionales con títulos avanzados o con capacidad excepcional) , porque hay un número excepcionalmente alto de visados disponibles durante este año fiscal (octubre de 2021 hasta septiembre de 2022).

¿Qué Es Una Visa EB-1 Para Trabajadores Prioritarios?

Para solicitar el visado EB-1 una persona debe tener habilidades extraordinarias en las ciencias, las artes, la educación, el negocio o el deporte, ser un profesor o investigador excepcional, o ser un gerente o ejecutivo multinacional.

El solicitante deber probar ser una persona de habilidades extraordinarias y debe proporcionar pruebas de haber recibido un premio de maxima importancia, como un premio Pulitzer, un Oscar, un Goya, o una medalla olímpica, o cumplir con tres de diez criterios que demuestren una habilidad extraordinaria en un campo particular. Algunos de estos criterios incluyen:

  • Haber recibido un premio o una distinción reconocida a nivel nacional o internacional
  • Membresía en asociaciones o grupos que exigen logros excepcionales en un campo determinado
  • Material publicado sobre su persona en publicaciones profesionales o comerciales, o en los medios de comunicación
  • Contribuciones o logros destacados en el ámbito de las ciencias, el mundo académico, las artes, el deporte o el ámbito empresarial
  • Evidencia de éxito comercial en las artes escénicas o de los espectáculos

¿Qué Es Una Visa EB-2 Para Trabajadores Prioritarios?

Algunas personas son elegibles para visas basadas en el empleo, llamadas visas EB-2. Las personas que son elegibles para una visa EB-2 caen bajo una de estas sub-categorías:

  • Grado avanzado
  • Capacidad excepcional

Grado Avanzado

El puesto de trabajo que solicita debe requerir una titulación avanzada (universitaria) o su equivalente y más de 5 años de experiencia laboral posterior a la finalización de los estudios de bachillerato en el campo de trabajo.

Capacidad Excepcional

El solicitante debe poder demostrar una capacidad excepcional en las ciencias, las artes o los negocios. Capacidad excepcional se define como “un grado de experiencia considerablemente superior al que se encuentra normalmente en las ciencias, las artes o los negocios”. Para demostrar que una persona encaja en esta categoría, debe cumplir al menos tres de estos criterios:

  • Expediente académico oficial que demuestre que tiene un título, diploma, certificado o premio similar de un colegio, universidad, escuela u otra institución de aprendizaje relacionada con su área de trabajo
  • Cartas de empleadores actuales o anteriores que documenten al menos 10 años de experiencia a tiempo completo
  • Una licencia para ejercer su profesión o una certificación para su profesión u ocupación
  • Pruebas de que ha percibido un salario u otra remuneración por sus servicios que demuestren su capacidad excepcional
  • Pertenencia a una o varias asociaciones profesionales
  • Reconocimiento por sus logros y contribuciones de importancia en su industria
  • Se aceptan otras pruebas parecidas para establecer elegibilidad

Exención por Interés Nacional (NATIONAL INTEREST WAIVER)

Aunque la categoría EB-2 generalmente requiere que un empleador patrocine su solicitud, algunas personas pueden estar exentas de ese requisito por motivos de interés nacional. En este caso, se puede solicitar que USCIS elimine la certificación laboral, lo que hace el proceso más sencillo. Estos tipos de exenciones se dan típicamente a las personas que tienen capacidades excepcionales y cuyo empleo en EE.UU. beneficiaría al país de forma significativa. Estas personas deben cumplir al menos tres de los criterios que se aplican a aquellos en la categoría de habilidad excepcional anteriormente mencionados.

https://www.uscis.gov/newsroom/alerts/uscis-urges-eligible-applicants-to-switch-employment-based-categories

Otra razón para tener cuidado al elegir una franquicia o inversión para su visado E2





Un empresario mexicano fue arrestado ayer en Houston y una empresaria mexicana se encuentra bajo custodia federal por cargos penales relacionados con su presunta participación en un plan de fraude.

Según documentos judiciales, los acusados promocionaron su su empresa como un mecanismo para que los inversionistas obtengan visas E-2 para ingresar legalmente a los EE. UU. Una visa E-2 está reservada para empresarios extranjeros que les permite trabajar dentro de los EE. UU. empresa fide.

Los acusados administraban las franquicias en lugar de que los inversores lo hicieran en violación de los requisitos de la visa E2, acusando a los inversionistas que omitieran en sus solicitudes de visa E2 el hecho de que ellos administrabas las franquicias.

Los acusados perpetraron este esquema con al menos 120 inversionistas diferentes entre enero de 2017 y diciembre de 2021 con una pérdida de más de $ 30 millones.

Para mayor información ver la pagina de la fiscalía general de los Estados Unidos del Oeste de Texas. http://Para mayor información ver la pagina de la fiscalía general de los Estados Unidos del Oeste de Texas https://www.justice.gov/usao-wdtx/pr/mexican-businessman-arrested-30m-fraud-scheme

Una acusación no es una declaración de culpabilidad. Una persona acusada se presume inocente hasta que se demuestre su culpabilidad en un proceso penal posterior.

Mercado & Rengel ~ International Attorneys/Abogados: Oficinas en USA & Madrid +1-617-284-6700 or +34-911239199

INFORMATIONAL GUIDE ON HOW TO APPLY AND OBTAIN E-2 INVESTOR VISA

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The E-2 Investor Visa allows an individual to enter and work inside of the United States based on an investment they will be controlling, while inside the United States. The E-2 Investor Visa is a great way for foreign entrepreneurs to access the US market. Furthermore, it allows the investor and her family to reside in the US for the duration of the visa, which can be renewed indefinitely as long as the business is operational and meets the E2 requirements.

Summary:

  • The E2 visa is a non-immigrant visa for individual investors, executives, managers, or essential employees of a company operating in the US.
  • A substantial investment in a US company must be made in order to qualify for an E2 visa.
  • The E2 visa can be renewed indefinitely as long as the business continues to operate and meet the E2 requirements.

Overview:

  1. What is the E2 Visa?
  2. What are the Benefits of an E2 Visa?
  3. What are the E2 Visa Requirements?
  4. What is the Process of Getting an E2 Visa?
  5. How Long Does it Take to Get an E2 Visa?
  6. How Long Can I be in the US on an E2 Visa?
  7. If I Get an E2 Visa, Do My Family Members Get Immigration Benefits?
  8. Can I Get an E2 Visa as an Employee of an E2 Company?
  9. Can I Go From an E2 Visa to a Green Card?
  10. Conclusion

1. What is the E2 Visa?

The E2 visa is a non-immigrant visa for investors, entrepreneurs, and individuals looking to operate a business in the United States. With an E2 visa, the investor can start a US business or invest in a US business and work for that business. 

In order to obtain an E2 visa, there must be a substantial amount of capital invested in a US business the investor/applicant must direct and develop that business in the US. To qualify for an E2 visa, the investment must be made either to start a new business or to purchase an existing business.

The E2 visa is only available to individuals from certain countries that have an E2 treaty with the United States (see list below).  

The E2 visa can be renewed indefinitely as long as the business is operational and meets the E2 visa requirements. Aslong as the E2 business continues to operate and meet the E2 visa requirements, and E2 visa holder can continue to renew their visa and live and work in the United States.

2. What are the Benefits of an E2 Visa?

  • With an E2 visa, the investor can start a business in the United States and work for that business.
  • The spouse and unmarried children under 21 years old can also qualify for E2 visas. 
  • The spouse can apply for work authorization, to work in the United States in any type of employment.
  • The investor’s children can go to school in the United States.
  • There is no set minimum investment amount to qualify for an E2 visa. Investments as low as $60,000 or even lower have qualified for E2.
  • The type of business will determine the amount of investment necessary to meet the E2 visa requirements. 
  • The E2 visa may be renewed indefinitely. 
  • Unlike other non-immigrant visas, it is not necessary to maintain a foreign residence to get an E2 visa.
  • The investment must be irrevocably committed to the E2 business and must be at-risk.
  • The applicant must be a national of a country with an E2 treaty with the United States.
  • In the case of an employee (manager or essential) the nationality of the employee must be same as the nationality of the owners of the business.

3. What are the E2 Visa Requirements?

  • The applicant must be a national of a country with an E2 treaty with the United States.
  • The applicant must have the intent to depart the US once the E2 status ends.
  • The applicant must make a substantial investment in a US company.
  • The E2 business must be an active, for-profit business.
  • The business cannot be considered a marginal enterprise.
  • The investor/applicant must be entering the United States to direct and develop the E2 business.
  • The source of the investment funds must be lawful.
  • The investment must be irrevocably committed to the E2 business and must be at-risk.
  • The applicant must be a national of a country with an E2 treaty with the United States.
  • In the case of an employee (manager or essential) the nationality of the employee must be same as the nationality of the owners of the business.   

There are two ways to qualify for an E2 visa: 

  • An investor can make an investment in a US business as an individual
  • Or aforeign business can make an investment in a US business

Investment as an Individual

  • If an individual is investing in a US business, then that individual will be considered the E2 principal investor.
  • The country of citizenship of the investor (owner) will determine whether the investor satisfy the nationality requirement.
  • If the investor has more than one nationality, the investor would apply for the E2 visa based on the nationality of the treaty country.
  • If there are more than one investor, it is essential that at least 50% of the US business is owned by a treaty national. 

Investment by Foreign Business

  • If a foreign business is making the investment in the US business, the foreign business will be considered the E2 principal investor.
  • The nationality of the business is determined based on the individual owners of the business.
  • To qualify for E2, the business must be at least 50% owned by nationals of the treaty country. 

Qualifying Treaty with the United States  

What follows is a complete list of all the countries that have an E2 treaty with the United States:

  • Albania
  • Argentina
  • Armenia
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bahrain
  • Bangladesh
  • Belgium
  • Bolivia
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Bulgaria
  • Cameroon
  • Canada
  • Chile
  • Colombia
  • Congo (Brazzaville)
  • Congo (Kinshasa)
  • Costa Rica
  • Croatia
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Ecuador
  • Egypt
  • Estonia
  • Ethiopia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Grenada
  • Honduras
  • Ireland
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Jamaica
  • Japan
  • Jordan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kosovo
  • Kyrgyzstan
  • Latvia
  • Liberia
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Mexico
  • Moldova
  • Mongolia
  • Montenegro
  • Morocco
  • Netherlands
  • New Zealand
  • Norway
  • Oman
  • Pakistan
  • Panama
  • Paraguay
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Romania
  • Serbia
  • Senegal
  • Singapore
  • Slovak Republic
  • Slovenia
  • South Korea
  • Spain
  • Sri Lanka
  • Suriname
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Taiwan
  • Thailand
  • Togo
  • Trinidad & Tobago
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey
  • Ukraine
  • United Kingdom
  • Yugoslavia.

4. What is the Process of Getting an E2 Visa?

To obtain an E2 visa, the investor must have the intent to depart the United States once the E2 status ends.   

  • For the E2 visa, the investor can satisfy the “intent to depart” requirement by submitting a signed statement that the investor intends to depart the United States once the E2 status ends. 

The investor must make a substantial investment in a US company.

To qualify for an E2 visa, the investor must make a substantial investment in a US company.

  • The regulations do not define the term “substantial” or specify a minimum investment amount that qualifies as “substantial.”
  • The Foreign Affairs Manual specifically states: “No set dollar figural constitutes a minimum amount of investment to be considered ‘substantial’ for E-2 visa purposes.” [9 FAM 402.9-6(D)] 
  • Instead, a proportionality test is used to determine whether an investment is substantial or not. 

Proportionality Test 

  • The proportionality test compares 2 numbers: the amount of money the investor actually invest in the business and the total value of the business. 
  • The value of an existing business is typically its purchase price.
  • The value of a start-up is the total cost to to bring the business to the point of being operational (start-up costs). 
  • To determine whether the investment is substantial, the immigration official or consular officer working on the case will calculate the proportion between how much the investor actually invested in the business to the total value of the business.
  • For businesses with a lower value, the investment should be a very high percentage of the total value of the business to be considered substantial.
  • For businesses with a very high value, the investment may be a lower percentage of the total value of the business, to be considered substantial.
  • If the total value of the business is $100,000 or less, the actual investment should be as close to 100% of the total value of the business as possible, to be considered substantial.
  • On the opposite end of the spectrum, if the total value of the business is very high (for example $9,000,000), an investment of $3,000,000 would likely be considered substantial even though proportionately it is only 30% of the total value of the business.
  • In practice, the higher the investment, the better chance that the investment will be considered substantial.

The E2 business must be an active, for-profit business.

  • The business invested in for an E2 visa must be an active, for-profit, business. The business must conduct some sort of entrepreneurial activity.
  • Examples of businesses that would meet this requirement include companies that sell some kind of a product or service for profit.
  • Passive investments do not qualify.  For example, an investment in a piece of residential real estate, or an investment in the stock market will not meet the requirements to obtain and E2 visa. 

To qualify for an E2 visa, the E2 business invested in cannot be a marginal enterprise.

  • A marginal enterprise is a business that does not have the present capacity or the future capacity to generate enough income to provide more than an minimal living for the E2 investor and their family. [CFR Section 214.2(e)]

There are 2 ways to prove that the E2 business is not a marginal enterprise:

  • Show that has the present or future capacity to generate more than enough income to provide a minimal living to the investor and the family.
  • Show that the business has the present or future capacity to make a “significant economic contribution.” The investor can prove this by showing that the business either current employs or will employ multiple workers.
  • In practice, it is looked upon favorably for the business to have one or more employees at the time the application is submitted. 

The investor must be entering the United States to direct and develop the E2 business.

The investor is required to seek entry into the United States for the sole purpose of directing and developing the E2 business and has control of the funds. 

  • The investor can satisfy this requirement by showing that they own at least 50% of the E2 business.
  • If the investor does not own at least 50% of the E2 business, the investor can still satisfy the requirement by showing that the investor will have operational control of the business.
  • The investor can show operational control by having a managerial/executive position within the business.
  • The investor cannot be a passive investor and qualify for an E2 visa.
  • If a foreign business entity is the E2 investor, it must show that it is directing and developing the E2 business.
  • E2 employees do not have to show that they are seeking entry into the United States to direct and develop the E2 business but they must show that they will have managerial duties or will be essential for the operation of the business. 
  • If two parties own equal shares in the business entity (50/50), they can still meet the “direct and develop” requirement. Both parties must have full management rights and responsibilities.

The source of the investment funds must be lawful.

The funds that the investor use use to invest in the E2 business must have been obtained lawfully.

  • Examples of lawful sources of funds include earnings from lawful employment, income from the sale of a property, gifts, an inheritance, personal loans, etc.
  • Loans secured by the assets of the E2 business will not qualify.
  • The investor must be able to sufficiently document how the funds were obtained.

The investment must be irrevocably committed to the E2 business and must be at-risk.

To meet the requirements of an E2 visa, the investor must make an investment that is at risk and the investment funds must be irrevocably committed to the E2 business.

  • This means that the investment funds must actually be spent on the business and cannot just be sitting in the operating account.
  • It is important to present the invoices of the amounts spent on the business to demonstrate that the funds are irrevocably committed.  

At Risk

  • To satisfy the at risk requirement, the E2 investment funds must be subject to either partial or total loss.
  • This means that there can beno guarantee that the investor will get any part of their funds back.
  • To determine whether the investment is truly at risk, the investor can ask theself the following question: If the E2 business fails, how much money would be lost?

Investment is Irrevocably Committed

  • The investment funds must be already invested in the E2 business at the time of filing or they must be in the process of being invested in the E2 business at the time of filing.
  • The investor must also be close to starting actual business activities, that is the business must be very close to being completely operational.
  • The intent to invest, without a present commitment is insufficient to meet the requirements of an E2 visa. Therefore, depositing the investment funds in a bank account, without an actual commitment, is not enough to qualify for an E2 visa.
  • That said, a reasonable amount of funds should be kept in a business operating account to cover business overhead once the business is operational.

How much is the investor investing?

  • Some consular posts are more strict than others and will want to see a higher investment amount, to qualify as a ‘substantial’ investment. It is important to ensure that the attorney handling the case has experience with the particular embassy where the application will be filed. 

5. How Long Does it Take to Get an E2 Visa? 

There are five main stages of the E2 visa process that determine how long it will take:

  • Preparation of a business plan and investment budget,
  • Creation of the company in the US, which involves determining the state where the business will be constituted, 
  • Document gathering,
  • Legal preparation,
  • Consular Processing

Preparation of a business plan and Investment Budget

  • The investor must decide whether to purchase an existing business or create a new business

Creation of Company

  • This step involves deciding what type of company to constitute (LLC, Corporation, Partnership), where to constitute the company (which of the 50 states), and applying for an Employer Identification Number. 

Document Gathering

  • Once the investor hires an immigration attorney, they will consult with the client and review the case. They will then provide the investor with a list of all the documents needed to file the E2 visa application.
  • The gathering of documents takes clients somewhere between 1-2 months. This can be faster or slower depending on the investor.

Legal Preparation

  • Once the investor has provided the documents to the immigration attorney, they will take about two weeks to prepare and complete the necessary forms and to compile the package to be filed with the Embassy. 
  • The attorney will request an interview date at the Embassy. 
  • They will then file the completed E2 petition. It is important to keep in mind that generally, Embassies take approximately 1-2 months (depending on the embassy) to review the application prior the interview. 

Application Processing

  • Once the application has been filed and reviewed, the investor will be required to attend a personal interview at the Embassy where the consular officer will ask questions about the nature of the business, the role of the investor, employees, future plans of growth, etc. 
  • The family members over 12 years old who are also required to accompany the applicant. 
  • At the interview, the applicant will be informed whether the application was approved. 
  • If the visa is approved the consular officer will keep the passports of the applicant and the family members, and those will be sent the visas approximately 7-10 days after the Embassy interview.  
  • Occasionally, the consular officer will decide to conduct an “administrative review” of the application, and in those cases, it might take a little longer to get a decision. However, this is rare. 

6. How Long Can I be in the US on an E2 Visa?

  • The length of time the E2 visa is valid for depends on the country issuing the visa. The period of visa validity generally ranges from 3 to 5 years.
  • If the E2 visa is valid for 5 years, this does not mean that the investor can stay in the US for 5 years at a time.
  • The status (not the visa) determines how long the investor can stay in the US at any one time.
  • With an E2 visa, the investor are granted 2 years of status each time the investor enters the US.
  • With a valid E2 visa, the investor can exit and re-enter the US to get an additional 2 years of status.
  • There is no limit to the amount of times the investor can renew the E2 visa.
  • The investor can continue to renew the E2 visa as long as the company meets all the E2 visa requirements.

7. If the E2 applicant/Investor is approved, do the Family Members Get Immigration Benefits?

  • Yes, as the principal E2 applicant, the investor can bring the spouse and unmarried children under 21 years old.
  • The spouse and unmarried children with also have E2 status.
  • The spouse may apply for a work permit to work in any lawful capacity in the United States.
  • The children may attend school in the US but they may not work.

8. Can I Get an E2 Visa as an Employee of the E2 Business?

Yes, a noncitizen may get an E2 visa through employment with an E2 business enterprise.

There are generally 3 classes of employees that can get an E2 visa:

  1. Executive Employees
  2. Supervisory Employees
  3. Employees with Special Skills that are Essential to the E2 Enterprise

9. Is it possible to obtain a Green Card after E2 Visa approval?

  • The E2 visa is a non-immigrant visa category. This means that the E2 visa is temporary and does not directly lead to a green card.
  • In order to obtain permanent resident status (green card) the investor will have to apply for an immigrant visa or adjust status to an immigrant status.
  • The investor can apply for an immigrant visa or adjust status in the US while the investor has an E-2 visa.

10. Conclusion 

The E2 Visa can provide nationals of treaty countries with a fantastic option to reside and work in the US indefinitely. Although the application process might seem overwhelming, our clients have found that the benefits for the applicant and family members make the process worth it. 

This guide provides an overview of the E2 visa, requirements, and application process. However, at Mercado & Rengel LLP, we are happy to assist with any questions you might have after reading this, and in all stages of the application process.

ATTORNEYS FEES: range between 8.000 – 12.000 Euros

Includes: Creation of business entity in the US, preparation of applications for principal applicant and all dependents. 

Does not include: State fee for creation of company (depending on the state somewhere between $125-$500), visa fees (220 euros/applicant), translations (if needed). 

We are available to answer any questions you may have in regards E2 application process. 

We at Mercado & Rengel are experienced immigration lawyers and international law in general. We are available to assist you in from our offices in Boston, Massachusetts USA and Madrid, Spain. Please do not hesitate to contact us in Madrid at +34911123911 or in the USA at +1-617-284-6700, by email at info@mercadorengel.com or by Skype at mercado.rengel.

www.mercadorengel.com

Novedades: Coronavirus (COVID-19) & Inmigración

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Información sobre diversas cuestiones de inmigración derivadas del virus corona

¿Cuál sería el efecto de la situación creada por Covid-19 en mi Visa?

Esperamos que estén a salvo y bien durante esta crisis sin precedentes. Los efectos del Covid-19 han alterado radicalmente nuestras vidas. La vida diaria– incluyendo viajes, empleo, y las relaciones interpersonales, en general, se han visto afectadas. Durante los últimos días, nos ha contactado con preguntas diversas sobre el impacto del Covid-19 en proceso de obtención de visados, solicitudes pendientes, planes futuros de inmigración, etc.. En Mercado & Rengel LLP, seguimos comprometidos a proporcionar información actualizada sobre cuestiones que afectan a la inmigración y el proceso de obtención visados en los EE.UU.

Lo que sigue es un resumen de las preguntas más frecuentes con sus respuestas.

Mi I-94 está a punto de caducar, ¿qué debo hacer?

El formulario I-94 determina la fecha en la que usted está en estado de inmigración legal en los EE.UU. Puede descargar su I-94 aquí: https://i94.cbp.dhs.gov/I94/#/home Si su I-94 está a punto de caducar, debe salir de los EE.UU. y volver a entrar, o extender el I-94 mientras esté en los EE.UU. Si salir de los EE.UU. no es una opción debido al cierre de las fronteras, puede presentar una petición en los EE.UU. para extender su estatus. Siempre que la petición se presente antes de que su I-94 expire, usted puede permanecer en los EE.UU. durante ese tiempo. En algunos casos, también puede continuar trabajando por un período de hasta 240 días mientras se adjudica la petición. Puede solicitar una extensión de su I-94 hasta seis meses antes de que caduque.

Mi I-94 ya ha caducado, ¿qué puedo hacer?

Bajo las regulaciones actuales, si un solicitante presenta una solicitud de extensión de estadía o cambio de estatus después de que el período autorizado de admisión ha caducado, el USCIS, a su discreción, puede excusar la falta de presentación a tiempo si se debe a circunstancias extraordinarias más allá de su control, como las que puede causar COVID-19. La duración de la demora debe ser proporcional a las circunstancias. El peticionario o solicitante debe presentar pruebas creíbles que apoyen su solicitud, que el USCIS evaluará según las circumstancias de cada caso. Estas situaciones especiales se han utilizado en varias ocasiones en el pasado, incluso para desastres naturales y crisis similares. https://www.uscis.gov/news/alerts/covid-19-delays-extensionchange-status-filings

¿Puedo presentar una petición de visa ante el USCIS ahora, o tengo que esperar?

No tiene que esperar, aunque los centros de servicio están actualmente cerrados, el USCIS sigue aceptando todas las peticiones incluyendo peticiones de matrimonio, H-1B, E-2, L-1, O-1, ciudadanía, etc..

¿Se puede seguir utilizando el sistema de “premium processing” (adjudicación en 15 días) para las solicitudes de visa que lo permiten?

No, desafortunadamente, el gobierno ha suspendido temporalmente el procesamiento acelerado (“Procesamiento premium”) para todas las peticiones.

¿Son necesarias las firmas originales en las peticiones de inmigración?

Por el momento, no se necesitan firmas originales en las peticiones. Esto se ha hecho para facilitar la finalización y el envío de las peticiones de inmigración.

Tengo una entrevista programada con el USCIS, ¿debo ir?

Desafortunadamente, el USCIS no está llevando a cabo citas/entrevistas en persona o ceremonias de juramento de ciudadanía, y ha cerrado las oficinas de servicio hasta nuevo aviso. Si usted tiene una entrevista de inmigración con el USCIS, debería haber sido notificado por correo de su cancelación. Si su cita está programada para los proximos meses, debe confirmar que sigue vigente.

Tengo una cita para la visa en un Consulado, ¿qué debo hacer?

Las Embajadas y Consulados de Estados Unidos de todo el mundo han cerrado y han suspendido los servicios de visado, incluyendo visados E-2, B-1, B-2, O-1, etc.. Por lo tanto, todas las citas para la obtención de visas han sido canceladas. Sin embargo, todavía es posible presentar las solicitudes y documentación para cualquier visado. En algunas embajadas, es posible programar entrevistas a partir de junio de 2020.

¿Están abiertos los tribunales de inmigración?s

Algunos tribunales de inmigración siguen abiertos por ahora, pero muchos han cerrado. Algunos tribunales de inmigración están celebrando audiencias por teléfono o por teleconferencia.

Mi autorización para permanecer en los Estados Unidos según la ESTA está a punto de caducar y no puedo salir de los Estados Unidos, ¿qué debo hacer?

Generalmente, cuando alguien entra en el programa de exención de visado (ESTA), no puede extender el período de tiempo en los EE.UU. Sin embargo, el USCIS de forma excepcional está permitiendo que se presenten extensiones de permiso ESTA.

Soy beneficiario de una visa a través de mi empleo y he perdido mi trabajo. ¿Tengo salir de los EE.UU. inmediatamente?

Durante esta crisis económica, muchos inmigrantes que estaban en EE.UU con un visado de trabajo han perdido sus trabajos y se preguntan cuáles son sus opciones. La mayoría de los visados de trabajo permiten un período de gracia si el empleo se detiene, siempre que el I-94 esté vigente. Otra opción podría ser cambiar de estatus. La respuesta a esta pregunta depende del tipo de visado que tenga. Le recomendamos que consulte con un abogado que podrá proporcionarle información basada en las circunstancias específicas de su caso.

Para revisar la información oficial sobre la medidas tomadas por USCIS debido al COVID-19 vea aquí:

https://www.uscis.gov/about-us/uscis-response-covid-19

 

 

Update: Coronavirus (COVID-19) & Immigration

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Information on the Immigration Issues resulting from the Corona Virus

What would be the effect of the situation created by Covid-19 on my Visa? 

We hope you are safe and well during this unprecedented crisis. The effects of Covid-19 have radically altered our lives. Daily life, including travel, engagement, and employment have all been affected. As a law firm that handles a considerable number of immigration matters, during the last few days we have been contacted with questions from both current and prospective clients regarding the impact of the Covid-19 on visas, pending applications, future immigration plans, etc.  At Mercado & Rengel LLP, we remain committed to provide current information to our clients and prospective clients on issues affecting the immigration and visa process in the US.

What follows is a summary of the most frequent questions with responses.

My I-94 is about to expire, what can I do?

Form I-94 determines the date you are in legal immigration status in the US. You can download your I-94 here: i94.cbp.dhs.gov/I94/If your I-94 is about to expire, you must either leave the U.S. and reenter, or extend the I-94 while in the U.S.  If leaving the US is not an option because of the closing of the borders, you could file a petition in the U.S. to extend your status.  Provided the petition is filed before your I-94 expires, you can stay in the U.S. during that time. In some cases, you can also continue to work for a period of up to 240 days while the petition is being adjudicated. You may apply for an extension to your I-94 up to six months before it expires.

My I-94 has expired what can I do?

Under current regulations, if a petitioner or applicant files an extension of stay or change of status request after the authorized period of admission expires, USCIS, in its discretion, may excuse the failure to file on time if it was due to extraordinary circumstances beyond their control, such as those that may be caused by COVID-19. The length of delay must be commensurate with the circumstances. The petitioner or applicant must submit credible evidence to support their request, which USCIS will evaluate on a case-by-case basis. These special situations have been used at various times in the past, including for natural disasters and similar crises. https://www.uscis.gov/news/alerts/covid-19-delays-extensionchange-status-filings

Can I file an immigrant or non-immigrant petition with USCIS?

Yes.  Although service centers are currently closed, USCIS is still accepting all petitions including marriage petitions, H-1B, E-2, L-1, O-1, citizenship, etc.

What is the status of premium processing (adjudication in 15 days)? Is it still available?

No, unfortunately, the government has temporarily suspended premium processing for all petitions.

Original Signatures in immigration petitions?

For the time being, original signatures are not needed on petitions.  This has been done to facilitate completion and mailing of immigration petitions.

I have an interview scheduled with USCIS, should I go?

Unfortunately, USCIS is not conducting in person appointments/interviews or oath ceremonies and has closed field offices until further notice. If you have an upcoming immigration interview with USCIS you should have been notified by mail of its cancellation. If your appointment is long dated, you should continue to check for updates.

I have a visa appointment at a Consulate, what should I do? 

Consulates across the globe have closed and have suspended routine visa services, including his processing visas such as E-2, B-1, B-2, O-1, etc. Therefore, all Embassy visa appointments have been cancelled. However, it is still possible to apply for these visas and submit the paperwork. In some Embassies, it is possible to schedule interviews starting in June 2020.

Are Immigration courts open?

Some immigration courts remain open for now, but many have closed. Some immigration courts are holding hearings telephonically or via teleconferencing.

My authorization to remain in the United States pursuant to ESTA is about to expire and I cannot leave the US, what should I do?

Generally, when someone enters on the visa waiver program (ESTA), they cannot extend the period of time in the U.S.  However, USCIS is allowing extensions to be filed and are being granted.

I was the beneficiary of a visa through employment and I have lost my job. Do I need to leave the US immediately?

During this economic crisis, many have lost their jobs and are wondering what are their options.  Most employment visas allow for a grace period if employment stops with a valid I-94.  Another option might to change status.  The answer to this question depends on the type of visa you have. We recommend you consult with an attorney who will be able to provide accurate information based on the specific circumstances of your case.

For official information regarding USCIS response to COVID-19 see here:

https://www.uscis.gov/about-us/uscis-response-covid-19

 

España otorgará 1.500 visas de trabajo a hijos y nietos de inmigrantes españoles

España otorgará 1.500 visas a hijos y nietos de ciudadanos españoles que vivan en Argentina y que no tengan la ciudadanía española, con el fin de promover la movilidad de los argentinos “que quieran seguir creciendo”, dijeron las autoridades españolas.

https://cnnespanol.cnn.com/2019/04/26/espana-otorgara-1-500-visas-de-trabajo-a-hijos-y-nietos-de-inmigrantes-espanoles-asi-puedes-aplicar/

Ex-juez de la Corte Suprema de Perú César Hinostroza Lucha en Contra de la Extradición en España

El ex-juez de la Corte Suprema de Perú César Hinostroza solicitud en su país por su implicación con “Los Cuellos Blancos del Puerto,” ha presentado una apelación a la decisión que tomó la justicia de España de admitir la solicitud de extradición en su contra ante la Audiencia Nacional de España.

Hinostroza, quien huyó del Perú en octubre del 2018 cuando tenía una orden de impedimento de salida del país, fue detenido por las autoridades españolas. Desde abril de 2019 disfruta de un régimen de libertad condicional.

En el ultimo auto de la corte, La Audiencia Nacional aprobó en primera instancia el pedido de extradición de Perú por tres delitos: tráfico de influencias, patrocinio ilegal y negociación incompatible. El crimen que no fue reconocido fue el de organización criminal, algo que las autoridades peruanas procederán a apelar a través de un recurso de súplica.

Mozambican Ex-Minister to Be Extradited to Mozambique and not to U.S

The former Mozambique finance minister, Manuel Chang, who faces an indictment in relation to an alleged $2 billion corruption conspiracy, will not be extradited to the US, but will instead be sent back to Mozambique. Mr. Chang has been in South African custody for some time and faced charges in both Mozambique.

The US charges as outlined by US Attorney for the Eastern District of New York involve a A four-count indictment that was returned on Dec. 19, 2018, by a grand jury in the Eastern District of New York, charging two executives of a shipbuilding company, three former senior Mozambican government officials, and three former London-based investment bankers for their roles in a $2 billion fraud and money laundering scheme that victimized investors from the United States and elsewhere.

Julian Assange Extradition to US closer to being a reality

The US has now formally revealed its 17 count Indictment of Julian Assange. The Indictment specifically charges that U.S. national security was endangered and that this was done because of Wikileaks obtaining and disclosing classified information. Sweden has also requests his extradition from Britain where Assange is currently serving a jail sentence for bail jumping, when he fled to the Ecuadorian Embassy in London.

Swedish prosecutors have already declared that they had issued a European Arrest Warrant for Mr. Assange. The U.S. extradition request was made public shortly after Assange was arrested a couple of weeks ago at the Ecuadorian Embassy. Although the initial charges were related to hacking into a DOD computer, such a crime only had a five year max sentence. The allegations in the recently disclosed Indictment carrie a possible 10 year prison sentence.

Luis Arnoldo Flores-Reyes, aka Maloso and Lobo, charged in VA Federal Court in connection Sailors Clique of MS-13

A federal grand jury returned an indictment yesterday charging an alleged MS-13 member residing in Arlington, Virginia with conspiracy to participate in a racketeering enterprise, conspiracy to distribute controlled substances, and conspiracy to interfere with interstate commerce by extortion.

The indictment was announced by Acting Assistant Attorney General John P. Cronan; Acting U.S. Attorney Stephen M. Schenning for the District of Maryland; Special Agent in Charge Andre Watson of the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement’s (ICE) Homeland Security Investigations (HSI); Assistant Director in Charge Andrew W. Vale of the FBI Washington Field Office; Special Agent in Charge Karl C. Colder of the U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA); Chief Henry P. Stawinski III of the Prince George’s County Police Department; Prince George’s County State’s Attorney Angela D. Alsobrooks; Chief Douglas Holland of the Hyattsville Police Department; Chief J. Thomas Manger of the Montgomery County Police Department; and Montgomery County State’s Attorney John McCarthy.

Luis Arnoldo Flores-Reyes, aka Maloso and Lobo, 37, is charged in a four-count superseding indictment that alleges that from at least 2015 through January 2018, he was a member and associate of the Sailors Clique of MS-13 and that he engaged in a racketeering conspiracy that included extortion, drug trafficking, murder and a conspiracy to commit murder. The defendant is also charged with drug trafficking conspiracy and conspiracy to interfere with interstate commerce by extortion. Flores-Reyes is in custody.

According to the indictment, MS-13 is a national and international gang composed primarily of immigrants or descendants from El Salvador. Branches or “cliques” of MS-13, one of the largest street gangs in the United States, operate throughout Prince George’s County and Montgomery County, Maryland. Eleven other individuals were previously charged in this case with racketeering conspiracy, conspiracy to commit murder in aid of racketeering, drug trafficking conspiracy and conspiracy to interfere with interstate commerce by extortion.

For a period of time beginning at least in 2015 through in or about 2017, members of the Sailors Clique, including Flores-Reyes, are alleged to have extorted owners of illegal businesses in the Langley Park and Wheaton areas of Maryland, with the extortion proceeds being sent to El Salvador to benefit MS-13. In addition, between 2015 and 2018, members of the Sailors clique, including Flores-Reyes, are alleged to have trafficked narcotics, including marijuana and cocaine in Langley Park, Maryland, with the proceeds benefiting the gang.

More specifically, in January 2018, Flores-Reyes gave directions to members of MS-13 in Houston, Texas that they should purchase a gun and shoot rival gang members who were believed to have killed a member of MS-13. On or about Jan. 28, 2018, members of MS-13 in Houston, Texas shot at and attempted to kill suspected rival gang members while Flores-Reyes and other MS-13 members, including MS-13 members in El Salvador, monitored the shooting by phone.

An indictment is not a finding of guilt. An individual charged by indictment is presumed innocent until proven guilty at some later criminal proceedings.

https://www.justice.gov/opa/pr/alleged-ms-13-member-charged-violent-racketeering-conspiracy-including-drug-trafficking-and